Text messages and phone calls from my French friends started invading my cell phone around midnight on Election Day. The messages all subscribed to the same theme of extreme surprise and overwhelming curiosity. “How could Trump even be the nominee?” “He just won Florida – does that mean he could win the election?”
“Will I need a Visa to visit the States now?” I shut my phone off to gain some extra time. But I knew, as an American living in Paris, that the French wanted answers. Answers that could be understood.
Then, the next day, as if explaining how Donald Trump won the Presidency wouldn’t be a daunting-enough task, I saw that Hillary Clinton won the majority of the popular vote. That meant I had to EXPLAIN the Electoral College, the “only-in-America” voting system, to the demanding French. You see, when you’re the only American they know here in Paris, they think you know everything. But I don’t. So, as a first step, when I finally got my head cleared, I went with the numbers. Now, that’s something everyone can understand in any language – at least that’s what I thought.
I started returning my phone calls and messages with statistics. I told the curious French that 46.9% of eligible American voters did not vote (this was less of a voter turnout than in 2012 and 2008). I told them that Trump got 279 electoral votes; he needed 270 to win. Clinton got 228, so she lost the electoral votes. Now, that could look like a big win for Trump. But, for the popular vote, where every person counts, Hillary beat Trump by 238,087 votes. That means that Trump got 59,704,847 and Clinton received 59,942,934 votes.
If the US election followed French rules, Hillary would be President. And, by that same token, Al Gore would have been named President instead of George W. Bush in 2000 since Al Gore had more than half a million votes over Bush. I gave my French friends the numbers and they all asked the big question, “Why don’t you Americans change the voting system? Using the majority system is fair and easy.”
Using the majority system might be easy, but changing the electoral college requires an amendment to the Constitution. Even though the electoral college began in 1804 and times have changed since then, US lawmakers have only tried once to change it to a direct vote election. That attempt failed in the Senate by only by 2 votes. And that was in 1934. There is another movement, started by John Koza, a computer scientist and lead author of the book “Every Vote Equal.” Professor Koza has proposed legislation to change to a direct voting system state-by-state, thereby circumventing the need for a constitutional amendment. Each state would pledge its votes to the winner of the popular vote.
So far, eleven states have adopted this – not yet enough for repeal of the electoral college. My French friends scratched their heads in disbelief. I was getting tired of feeling responsible for the US electoral woes so I changed subjects.
“You know, we voted for some interesting issues on the Presidential ballot,” I told them. I mentioned how some states voted for the legalization of marijuana. Now that took them by surprise. “What, you can do that in America? Vote for marijuana and the President at the same time? That’s strange.” Strange as it may seem, I explained that on November 8th, California, Nevada and Massachusetts voted to legalize recreational marijuana use. Three other states – Florida, North Dakota and Arkansas – voted yes to medical marijuana. I threw another number at them.
Now 21% of Americans live in a state where there is legal recreational marijuana. “Put that in your pipe and smoke it,” I added, quoting an age-old expression my mother used to say (though, I must admit, she was never referring to marijuana!)
Talking about the marijuana referendum issues with my French friends was so much more fun than trying to explain the electoral college. I won’t have to try and deal with our voting system for another four years, when its ugly head will reappear for the next presidential election. In the meantime, I’ll enjoy helping French friends plan their future vacations to California, Nevada or Massachusetts.